Normal pregnancy is the process by which a fertilized egg travels through the fallopian tube into the uterus and attaches itself to the uterine wall and starts to grow. In some cases, the fertilized egg implants itself to some place other than the uterus. This kind of pregnancies is simply known as Ectopic Pregnancies. In most of the cases, the egg starts to grow in the fallopian tube, ovary, cervix, or in the belly.
The main cause is the damage to the fallopian tube because of which a fertilized egg may have trouble passing through it, which causes the implantation of fertilized egg in the fallopian tube. Damage in the fallopian tubes happen due to infections such as gonorrhea or Chlamydia causing pelvic inflammatory diseases. Smoking also causes the ectopic pregnancies. Some medical treatments also increase the risk of ectopic pregnancies such as surgeries to the fallopian tube or in the pelvic regions and also the fertility treatments such as IVF.
The main signs of the ectopic pregnancies are pelvic pain spread on the belly region and it would appear to worsen when you move or strain. Vaginal bleeding might also be a symptom.
When the signs of ectopic pregnancies mentioned above occur, consult a doctor as early as possible. Ectopic pregnancies can be diagnosed by urine examination. Size of the uterus and growth or tenderness of belly can be checked by a pelvic exam. In normal pregnancies, pregnancy hormones double in every two days but in ectopic pregnancies, the level of hormone decreases and it can be examined by a blood test. The ectopic pregnancy can be diagnosed by an ultrasound test
Surgeries and medications constitute the most common treatments. Medicines such as methotrexate can be used to treat if the ectopic pregnancy is diagnosed in the early stages. Surgeries like laparoscopy are safer than consuming medicines. Laparoscopy is a type of surgery done through small incisions in the belly.
Vijaya Institute of Medical Sciences treats Ectopic Pregnancy in Chennai with utmost care. Specialized in cases involving infertility and pregnancy issues.
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